A concussion is a traumatic brain injury caused by a bump, blow or jolt to the head. It causes the head and brain to move rapidly back and forth. This sudden movement can create chemical changes to your brain and can damage your brain cells.
Concussion symptoms include:
- Dizziness or balance problems
- Feeling dazed, foggy or stunned
- Memory problems
- Slurred speech
- Trouble concentrating
- Irritability or emotional changes
- Vision problems
Diagnosis of a concussion after an injury incorporates a detailed evaluation including follow-up ImPACT and other neurocognitive exams and assessments. Diagnostic imaging such as a CT scan or MRI may also be performed to rule out a more serious condition. No athlete should return to play until cleared by a licensed physician comfortable with current concussion management principles.
It is important to know that concussions are not limited to the athletic population and can occur from a motor vehicle accident, trauma or fall. No two concussions are alike, and it is important to seek the appropriate medical care following a concussion to discuss your treatment options.